Why did the military stage a coup in Myanmar?

Jakarta, Indonesia (AP)-In a one-year state of emergency, a coup in Myanmar has left the military in charge, though de facto chief Aung San Suu Kyi of the nation and other senior leaders have been arrested. Here is a glimpse at what could be behind the actions of the military.


Why now?

Following the November elections, Monday was expected to be the first day of a new parliamentary session that Suu Kyi's party won in a landslide, and that the military-backed party did badly. In that referendum, the military alleged that systematic anomalies on the electoral lists may have led to bribery, although the election commission reported that there was no proof to support such allegations.


What's going on inside MYANMAR?

Television signals were cut throughout the country when passenger flights were grounded, as was telecommunications and internet service in Naypyitaw, the capital. Communication coverage was also recorded down in other parts of the world, but in many places people were still able to access the internet.


Barbed wire road blocks were put up around Yangon, the largest city, and outside government buildings including City Hall, military units started to emerge.

Residents flocked to ATMs and food stalls, while the symbols of Suu Kyi's faction, the National League for Democracy, that traditionally adorn the city's streets and walls, were removed from some shops and homes.But the announcement of the takeover on military-owned Myawaddy TV cited the government's inability as part of the justification for the decision to act on the accusations.


What Next Happens?

The takeover was condemned by governments and international organisations, arguing it sets back the modest institutional changes Myanmar has made.

Linda Lakhdhir, a legal consultant at Human Rights Watch, said, "This is an extremely crushing blow to efforts to present Myanmar as a democracy." "On the world stage, its creditability has taken a massive hit."

Watchdog organisations fear that a further crackdown is coming against human rights advocates, whistleblowers, and activists. Critics of the military have also taken disciplinary prosecution long before the recent military coup.



The military insists that its acts are constitutionally justified, and the declaration quoted a clause in the constitution authorizing the military to take power in times of emergency, while the spokesman of Suu Kyi's party and several outsiders have said that it is essentially a coup.


Some observers expressed puzzlement that the military will move to upset the status quo in which, amid strides towards democracy in recent years, the generals appear to hold considerable influence.

The coup would also be a challenge for the international community, which, during the decades it was under rigid military control, isolated Myanmar but then welcomed it vigorously as it progressed into democracy in recent years.



In a declaration condemning the actions of the military, the US President Joe Biden has threatened to place new restrictions on Myanmar, which some have posed as a possibility.


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