The White House is the President of the United States' official residence and office. It is situated in Washington, D.C., at 1600 Pennsylvania Avenue NW. The site was chosen for the White House in 1791 by the first president, George Washington. In 1792, the cornerstone was laid and a competition design presented by James Hoban, an Irish-born architect, was selected. President John Adams and his companion, Abigail, moved into the unfinished house in 1800, after eight years of building.
In addition to being the residence of the president, the White House is home to a variety of surprising facts.
The Layout of the White House :
1 ) The Architect of the White House Was Not American
James Hoban, an Irish architect who started his state-side practice in Philadelphia in 1785, designed the White House.
2) Complete Friendly, Lesser-Known Rooms
The residence has Six stories and 55,000 ft2 (5,100 m2), 132 rooms, 35 bathrooms and 6 floors. 412 doors, 147 windows, 28 fireplaces, 8 staircases, and 3 elevators are also available.
An aim could possibly fit 132 separate rooms, it turns out that some of the people of the past have come up with very inventive ways of filling these gaps. For starters, Harry Truman commissioned the first bowling alley for the White House. The turn of a cloakroom into a 42-seat movie theater was supervised by FDR. In order for her husband to play the saxophone, Hillary Clinton even turned one sitting room into a music room.
3) Under the Press Room, there's a Secret Pool
Although there is already an outdoor pool in the White House, the inner pool is now concealed under the floors. Underneath the existing James S. Brady Press Briefing Room is the indoor pool, which opened in 1933 for use by then-President Franklin D. Roosevelt.
4) The White House Kitchen Keeps Busy
The executive residence, with several banquets, has held its fair share of parties. The State Dining Room is the bigger of the White House's two dining rooms and will accommodate up to 140 visitors. Otherwise, the kitchen can accommodate as many as 1,000 individuals.
5) In 1948, it almost went aside
Roosevelt had too little budget for yearly renovations to the White House because of the Great Depression, and the structure was practically crumbling as a result. Nobody had known how structurally unsound the old structure was when engineers working on the balcony of President Truman in 1948 discovered that the brittle wooden beams of the building were at risk of giving way at any moment, not only were the floorboards crumbling and swaying under the foot of people.
6) Those Services the President Enjoys Aren't Free
Although you could think that being the Commander-in-Chief means it's all open at the White House, you'd be mistaken. Presidents and their families, in reality, pay for food, dry laundry, hair and makeup, and party workers.
7) There is A Hidden Door
The White House has a hidden entrance for the president and secret guests, like all high-profile houses. It opens on Washington D.C.'s H Lane. Before arriving at the White House cellar, it goes through two tunnels and an alleyway. This covert entrance was partially built as a reaction to the Second World War, as was the building of an underground bomb shelter under the White House.
8) The West Wing always didn't exist
In the West Wing, much of what people equate with the White House takes place; there's the Situation Room, the Cabinet Room, and the Oval Office, of course. None of it, though, occurred until Teddy Roosevelt asked for the construction of an executive office building opposite the residence in 1902. He then transferred his cabinet into the West Wing, but not himself. It wasn't until 1909 that the Oval Office was added when President Taft doubled the Wing's capacity. The first president ever to use it was Taft.
9) Repainting is quite a big task
To coat the exterior shell, the White House takes 570 gallons of paint.
Painting is not, of course, the only upkeep needed at the White House. Currently, each year, between $750,000 and $1.6 million is spent on repairs.
10) The White House has been known at different points in history as the "President's Palace," the "President's House," and the "Executive Mansion."
The White House was formally given its present name by President Theodore Roosevelt in 1901.