Indian Army Day

After Independence, the first two heads of the military were British. The last British commander, General Sir Francis Robert Roy Bucher, who served from 1 January 1948 to 15 January 1949 in the top spot, was succeeded by KM Cariappa.

Every year, the army marks January 15 as Army Day, as the first Indian general took command of the Indian Army on this day. In 1949, General KM Cariappa (later Field Marshal) took over as Indian Army commander-in-chief.



After Unification, the first two heads of the military were British. The last British commander, General Sir Francis Robert Roy Bucher, who served from 1 January 1948 to 15 January 1949 in the top spot, was succeeded by Cariappa. From 15 Aug. 1947 to 31 December, Bucher's predecessor, General Sir Robert McGregor Macdonald Lockhart, served as leader.


Cariappa, known affectionately as Kipper, was just 49 when he took command of the force. For a full four years, he served as army general, retiring on January 16, 1953.



The key Army Day parade is held at the Cariappa Parade ground in Delhi cantonment, while festivities take place throughout the country. On this day, gallantry awards and Sena medals are also granted. In 2020, 15 soldiers won awards for bravery. Per year, Param Vir Chakra and Ashok Chakra awardees take part in the Army Day parade.